Only when the construction is airtight can warm air be retained within and cold air kept outside. Preventing unpleasant draughts means greater living comfort and increase energy efficiency, which in turn leads to lower heating cost. Airtightness also protects the building fabric against damage, helping to maintain its appearance and extending the buildings life.
How to achieve Air Tightness and Why?
Air tightness simply means eradicating all drafts. Drafts can be so small e.g. under window boards, around windows and doors but an accumulation can have a drastic impact on the energy loss in the dwelling and lead to significant discomfort and high running costs.
The only way to achieve Air tightness is a consistent air-resistant layer all around the inside of the building. This includes the area where the wall/floor meet, around the door and window openings.
A layer of breathable membrane behind the plaster slab on the upper ceiling, regardless of the structure type, timber frame or masonry construction the air tightness layer must be continuous from floor to ceiling.
C&W Insulations are certified contractors of the SIGA Air & Wind tightness System. This is comprised of a range of tapes and adhesives, and SIGA Majpell, a vapour control layer. This system has been certified by the The Irish Agrément Board.
The wind tightness tapes can be used with all suitable breathable roofing and facade membranes. The tapes and adhesives are free from residential toxins such as solvents (VOC), high boilers, formaldehyde, chlorine, plasticizers.
Air Tightness Terminology
- Building envelope – external elements of the building, walls, windows, front and rear doors, floors and ceilings
- Air tightness – defined as the resistance of the building envelope to inward or outward air leakage. Excessive air leakage results in increased energy consumption and a draught cold building.
- Air leakage – defined as the amount of air gaps or cracks in the building envelope, driven by pressure differences between inside and outside. Areas of air leakage, cold bridges, i.e. around doors, windows and between floor levels
- Air permeability – expressed as the amount of air leakage in cubic meters per hour per square meter of the building envelope at a pressure differential of 50Pascals between inside and outside the building envelope, maximum permitted level is 10 m2/m3hr@50Pascals, This is measured by the instillation of the blower-door fan into the main entrance of the dwelling.
- Air changes per hour- measures the ventilation in the building. This can be controlled by mechanical ventilation heat recovery or opening windows and doors